commit 81168ded8408d57d34441f88966bc731c12a4536

Author: Honza Pokorny <>

Add church order of dort | 1 
 data/three-forms-of-unity/church-order-dort.yaml | 885 ++++++++++++++++++

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@@ -33,6 +33,7 @@     * second-helvetic
 * three-forms-of-unity
     * belgic-confession
     * canons-of-dort
+    * church-order-of-dort
     * heidelberg-catechism
 * westminster
     * directory-for-family-worship

diff --git a/data/three-forms-of-unity/church-order-dort.yaml b/data/three-forms-of-unity/church-order-dort.yaml
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+++ b/data/three-forms-of-unity/church-order-dort.yaml
@@ -0,0 +1,885 @@
+name: Church Order of Dort
+publication_year: 1618
+type: document
+markdown: true
+  - name: Article 1
+    text: |
+      For the maintenance of good order in the Church of Christ it is
+      necessary that there should be: offices; assemblies; supervision of
+      doctrine, sacraments, and ceremonies; and Christian discipline; of
+      which matters the following articles treat in due order.
+      ## First Head - Of the Offices
+  - name: Article 2
+    text: |
+      The offices are of four kinds: of the Ministers of the Word, of the
+      Professors of Theology, of the Elders, and of the Deacons.
+  - name: Article 3
+    text: |
+      No one, though he be a Professor of Theology. Elder, or Deacon, shall
+      be permitted to enter upon the ministry of the Word and the Sacraments
+      without having been lawfully called thereunto. And when any one acts
+      contrary thereto, and after being frequently admonished does not
+      desist, the Classis shall judge whether he is to be declared a
+      schismatic or is to be punished in some other way.
+  - name: Article 4
+    text: |
+      The lawful calling of those who have not previously been in office, in
+      cities as well as rural districts, consists:
+      First, in the Election, after previous fasting and prayer, by the
+      Consistory and Deacons, not without (proper correspondence with the
+      Christian magistrates of the respective districts, and) the knowledge
+      or advice of the Classis, where this had been customary up to now.
+      Secondly, in the Examination, both of doctrine and life, by the
+      Classis, in the presence of all, or some of the delegates of Synod.
+      Thirdly, in the Approbation and endorsement (by the magistrates and
+      then also) by the members of the Reformed Congregation of that city,
+      if, the name of the Minister having been announced in the churches
+      over a period of fourteen days, no objection arises.
+      Finally, in the public Ordination before the congregation, which
+      shall take place with appropriate stipulations and interrogations,
+      prayer and the laying on of the hands by the ordaining Minister and by
+      other Ministers, if more are present, in accordance with the Form for
+      this purpose. It is understood that the imposition of hands may take
+      place in the Classical assembly to the newly graduated Ministers,
+      being sent to the Churches under the Cross.
+  - name: Article 5
+    text: |
+      Ministers already in the ministry of the Word who are called to
+      another congregation, shall likewise be called in this manner,
+      (including aforesaid correspondence) in cities as well as rural
+      districts, by the Consistory and the Deacons, with the advice or
+      approval of the Classis, to whom the aforesaid Ministers called, shall
+      show good ecclesiastical testimonials of doctrine and life; (after
+      approval by the magistrate of the respective district and) after being
+      presented to the congregation over a period of fourteen days, as
+      before stated, they shall be installed after previous stipulations and
+      prayers. All due regard must also be given here to the things
+      previously mentioned with respect to proper right of presentation, or
+      any other right, in so far as it can be employed to edification,
+      without detriment to the Church of God and good Church Order; to which
+      (the Civil Authorities and) the Synods of the respective districts are
+      to give their careful attention, and make proper regulations, to the
+      welfare of the Churches.
+  - name: Article 6
+    text: |
+      No minister shall be at liberty to serve in any private manors,
+      institutions of mercy, or otherwise, unless he previously be admitted
+      in accordance with the preceding Articles; and he shall, no less than
+      others, be subject to the Church Order.
+  - name: Article 7
+    text: |
+      No one shall be called to the ministry of the Word without stationing
+      himself in a particular place, unless he be sent either to preach in
+      one place or another for the Churches under the Cross, or to do Church
+      extension work.
+  - name: Article 8
+    text: |
+      No school teachers, artisans, or others who have not studied, shall be
+      admitted to the ministry, unless there is definite assurance of their
+      beings exceptionally gifted, godly, humble, modest, and possessed of
+      good sense and discretion, as well as gifts of public address. When
+      such persons present themselves for the ministry, the Classis shall
+      (if the Synod approve) first examine them, and, the examination being
+      satisfactory, permit them to preach in private for a certain length of
+      time, and then further deal with them as it shall deem edifying
+  - name: Article 9
+    text: |
+      Novices, priests, monks, and others who have left some sect, shall not
+      be admitted to the ministry in the Church, except with extreme caution
+      and circumspection, and after a definite period of probation.
+  - name: Article 10
+    text: |
+      A Minister, once lawfully called, may not leave the congregation which
+      unconditionally received him to accept a call elsewhere, without the
+      consent of the consistory and the deacons, (and those who previously
+      held the office of elder and deacon, together with the magistrate),
+      nor without the knowledge of the Classis; likewise no other church
+      shall be permitted to receive him until he has presented a legal
+      certificate of dismission from the church and the Classis where he
+      served.
+  - name: Article 11
+    text: |
+      On the other hand, the Consistory, as representing the congregation,
+      shall also be bound to provide for the proper support of its
+      Ministers, and shall not dismiss them without the knowledge and
+      judgment of the Classis who, in the event of lack of support, shall
+      judge whether or not to remove aforesaid Ministers.
+  - name: Article 12
+    text: |
+      Inasmuch as a Minister of the Word, once lawfully called in conformity
+      to the above, is bound to the service of the Church for life, he is
+      not allowed to enter upon a secular vocation except for important and
+      weighty reasons, which shall be subject to the cognizance and judgment
+      of the Classis.
+  - name: Article 13
+    text: |
+      In the event that Ministers are rendered incapable of performing the
+      duties of their office due to age, sickness, or otherwise, they shall
+      nevertheless retain the honour and title of a Minister, and the church
+      which they have served shall honorably provide for them in their
+      needs, also for the widows and orphans of Ministers.
+  - name: Article 14
+    text: |
+      If any Minister, for the aforesaid or any other reason, is compelled
+      to discontinue his service for a time, which shall not take place
+      without the advice of the Consistory, he shall nevertheless at all
+      times be and remain subject to the call of the congregation.
+  - name: Article 15
+    text: |
+      No one shall be permitted, neglecting the ministry of his Church, or
+      being without a fixed charge, to preach indiscriminately without the
+      consent and authority of Synod or Classis. Likewise, no one shall be
+      permitted to preach or administer the Sacraments in another Church
+      without the consent of the Consistory.
+  - name: Article 16
+    text: |
+      The once of the Ministers is to continue in prayer and in the Ministry
+      of the Word, to dispense the Sacraments, to watch over their brethren,
+      the Elders and Deacons, as well as the Congregation, and finally with
+      the Elders, to exercise church discipline and to see to it that
+      everything is done decently and in good order.
+  - name: Article 17
+    text: |
+      Among Ministers of the Word, equality shall be maintained with respect
+      to the duties of their office and also in other matters as far as
+      possible, according to the judgment of the consistory, and, if
+      necessary, of the Classis; which equality shall be maintained in the
+      case of the Elders and Deacons.
+  - name: Article 15
+    text: |
+      The office of the Doctors or Professors of Theology is to expound the
+      Holy Scriptures and to uphold sound doctrine against heresies and
+      errors.
+  - name: Article 19
+    text: |
+      The Churches shall make efforts to obtain students of theology, which
+      are to be supported by them.
+  - name: Article 20
+    text: |
+      In the Churches having more capable Ministers the practice of
+      preparing some for the ministry of the Word by allowing them to speak
+      a word of edification shall be instituted, in conformity to the rule
+      in this matter, as specially prescribed by this Synod.
+  - name: Article 21
+    text: |
+      The consistories everywhere shall see to it that there are good school
+      teachers, not only to teach the children reading, writing, languages,
+      and the liberal arts, but also to instruct them in godliness and in
+      the Catechism.
+  - name: Article 22
+    text: |
+      The Elders shall be chosen by the judgment of the Consistory and the
+      Deacons, so that every church shall be at liberty, according to its
+      circumstances, to present to the Congregation as many Elders as are
+      needed, that they may be installed with public prayers and
+      stipulations after being approved by and with the assent of the
+      congregation, unless any obstacle arise; - or twice the number of
+      Elders needed may be present, half of them to be chosen by the
+      congregation, and installed in office in the same manner, according to
+      the Form for this purpose.
+  - name: Article 23
+    text: |
+      The office of the Elders, in addition to what was said in Article 16
+      to be their duty in common with the Ministers of the Word, is to take
+      heed that the Ministers, together with their other Fellow-helpers and
+      the Deacons, faithfully discharge their office; - and, insofar as
+      circumstances of time and place permit, to do house visitation both
+      before and after the Lord's Supper for the edification of the
+      congregation, in order particularly to comfort and instruct the
+      members of the congregation, and also to exhort others in respect to
+      the Christian Religion.
+  - name: Article 24
+    text: |
+      The Deacons shall be chosen, approved, and installed in the same
+      manner as was stated concerning the Elders.
+  - name: Article 25
+    text: |
+      The office peculiar to the Deacons is diligently to collect alms and
+      other contributions of charity, and after mutual counsel, to
+      distribute the same faithfully and diligently to the poor, both to
+      residents and to strangers, as their needs may require it; to visit
+      and comfort those in distress, and to exercise care that the alms are
+      not misused; of which they shall render an account in Consistory, and
+      also (if anyone desires to be present) to the Congregation, at such a
+      time as the Consistory may see fit.
+  - name: Article 26
+    text: |
+      In places where there are Visitants to shut-ins or other Almoners, the
+      Deacons shall request them lo maintain proper correspondence with them
+      to the end that the alms may the better be distributed among those who
+      have the greatest need.
+  - name: Article 27
+    text: |
+      The Elders and Deacons shall serve two years, and every year half
+      their number shall retire and others shall be substituted, unless the
+      circumstances and the profit of any church require otherwise.
+  - name: Article 28
+    text: |
+      As it is the office of Christian Magistrate to promote holy Divine
+      Services in every way, to recommend them by their example to their
+      subjects, and to assist whenever necessary the Ministers, Elders, and
+      Deacons and to protect them by proper regulations, so it is the duty
+      of all Ministers, Elders, and Deacons diligently and sincerely to
+      impress upon the entire Congregation the obedience, love, and respect
+      which they owe the Magistrates; further, all Church Officers shall set
+      a good example to the Congregation, and seek to gain and retain the
+      good will of the Magistrates toward the Churches by means of proper
+      respect and correspondence, to the end that, each acting for the
+      mutual welfare, in the fear of the Lord, all suspicion and distrust
+      may be prevented, and true concord be maintained to the welfare of the
+      Churches.
+      ## Second Head - Of the Ecclesiastical Assemblies
+  - name: Article 29
+    text: |
+      Four things of ecclesiastical assemblies shall be maintained: the
+      Consistory, the Classical Meetings, the Particular Synod, and the
+      General or National Synod.
+  - name: Article 30
+    text: |
+      In these assemblies ecclesiastical matters only shall be transacted
+      and that in an ecclesiastical manner. In major assemblies only each
+      matters shall be dealt with as could not be finished in minor
+      assemblies, or such as pertain to the churches of the major assembly
+      in common.
+  - name: Article 31
+    text: |
+      If anyone complain that he has been wronged by the decision of a minor
+      assembly, he shall have the right to appeal to a major ecclesiastical
+      assembly, and whatever may be agreed upon by a majority vote shall be
+      considered settled and binding, unless it be proved to conflict with
+      the Word of God or with the Articles formulated in this General Synod,
+      as long as they are not changed by another General Synod.
+  - name: Article 32
+    text: |
+      The proceedings of all assemblies shall begin by calling upon the Name
+      of God and be closed with thanksgiving.
+  - name: Article 33
+    text: |
+      Those who are delegated to the assemblies shall bring with them their
+      credentials and instructions, signed by those sending them, and they
+      only shall have a vote.
+  - name: Article 34
+    text: |
+      In all assemblies there shall be not only a president, but also a
+      clerk to keep a faithful record of that which deserves to be recorded.
+  - name: Article 35
+    text: |
+      The office of the president is to state and explain the business to be
+      transacted, to see to it that everyone observe due order in speaking,
+      to silence the captious and those who are vehement in speaking; and
+      properly to discipline them if they refuse to listen. Furthermore his
+      office shall cease when the assembly arises.
+  - name: Article 36
+    text: |
+      The Classis has the same jurisdiction over the Consistory as the
+      Particular Synod has over the Classis and the General Synod over the
+      Particular.
+  - name: Article 37
+    text: |
+      In all churches there shall be a Consistory composed of the Ministers
+      of the Word and the Elders, who shall meet at least once a week. The
+      Minister of the Word, or the Ministers, if there be more than one, in
+      turn, shall preside and regulate the proceedings (And also the
+      Magistrates of the place respectively shall, if they desire to do so,
+      delegate one or two of their number, being members of the
+      Congregation, to the Consistory to listen to the matter under
+      discussion and to participate in the deliberation.)
+  - name: Article 38
+    text: |
+      In places where the Consistory is to be constituted for the first time
+      this shall not take place except with the advice of the Classis. And
+      whenever the number of Elders is very small, the Deacons may be added
+      to the Consistory.
+  - name: Article 39
+    text: |
+      In places where as yet there is no Consistory, the Classis shall in
+      the meantime take care of the work which would otherwise be performed
+      by the Consistory in accordance with this Church Order.
+  - name: Article 40
+    text: |
+      Likewise the Deacons shall meet every week to transact the business
+      pertaining to their office, calling upon the Name of God, whereunto
+      the Ministers shall take good heed and if necessary they shall be
+      present.
+  - name: Article 41
+    text: |
+      The Classical meetings shall consist of neighbouring churches that
+      respectively delegate, with proper credentials, a Minister and an
+      Elder, to meet at such a time and place as was determined by the
+      previous Classical meeting, with the understanding that this be within
+      the next three months. In these meetings the Ministers shall preside
+      in rotation or the assembly shall choose one to preside; however, the
+      same Minister shall not be chosen twice in succession. Furthermore,
+      the president shall, among other things, ask each of them if
+      Consistory meetings are held in their churches; if church discipline
+      is exercised; if the poor and the schools are cared for; lastly, if
+      they need the judgment and help of the Classis for the proper
+      government of their Church. The Minister designated by the previous
+      Classis shall preach a brief sermon from the Word of God, of which the
+      others shall judge and point out if anything be lacking in it.
+      Finally, at the last meeting before the Particular Synod delegates
+      shall be chosen to attend said Synod.
+  - name: Article 42
+    text: |
+      When there are more Ministers than one in a church, all of them may
+      attend the Classis and have a vote, except in matters which
+      particularly concern their persons or churches.
+  - name: Article 43
+    text: |
+      At the close of the Classical and other major Assemblies, censure
+      shall be exercised over those who have done something worthy of
+      punishment in the meeting, or who have scorned the admonition of the
+      minor assemblies.
+  - name: Article 44
+    text: |
+      The Classis shall authorize a number of its Ministers, at least two of
+      the oldest, most experienced and competent ones, to visit all the
+      Churches once a year, in cities as well as in rural districts, and to
+      take heed whether the Ministers, Consistories, and School-teachers
+      faithfully perform the duties of their offices, adhere to sound
+      doctrine, observe in all things the adopted order, and properly
+      promote as much as lies in them, by word and deed, the edification of
+      the Congregation including the youth, to the end that they may in time
+      fraternally admonish those who have in anything been negligent, and
+      may by their advice and assistance help direct all things unto peace,
+      upbuilding, and neatest profit of the Churches and Schools. And each
+      Classis may continue these Visitors in service as long as it sees fit,
+      except where the Visitors themselves request to be released for
+      reasons of which the Classis shall judge.
+  - name: Article 45
+    text: |
+      It shall be the duty of the church in which the Classis, and likewise
+      the Particular or General Synod meets, to furnish the following
+      meeting with the minutes of the preceding.
+  - name: Article 46
+    text: |
+      Instructions concerning matters to be considered in major assemblies
+      shall not be written until the decisions of the previous Synod have
+      been read, in order that what was once decided be not again proposed
+      unless a revision be deemed necessary.
+  - name: Article 47
+    text: |
+      Every year, or if need be oftener, four or five or more neighbouring
+      Classes shall meet as a Particular Synod, to which each Classis shall
+      delegate two Ministers and two Elders. At the close of both, the
+      Particular and the General Synod, some church shall be empowered to
+      determine with the advice of the Classis the time and place of the
+      next Synod.
+  - name: Article 48
+    text: |
+      Each Synod shall be at liberty to solicit and hold correspondence with
+      its neighbouring Synod or Synods, in such manner as they shall judge
+      most conducive to general edification.
+  - name: Article 49
+    text: |
+      Each Synod shall delegate some to execute everything ordained by Synod
+      both as to what pertains to the High Authorities and to the respective
+      Classes resorting under it; and likewise to supervise together or in
+      smaller numbers all examinations of future Ministers. And furthermore,
+      in all other eventual difficulties they shall extend help to the
+      Classes in order that proper unity, order, and soundness of doctrine
+      may be maintained and established. They shall also keep proper record
+      of all their actions to report thereof to Synod, and if it be
+      demanded, give reasons. They shall also not be discharged from their
+      service before and until Synod itself discharges them.
+  - name: Article 50
+    text: |
+      The National Synod shall ordinarily be held every three years, unless
+      an urgent need arises to make it a shorter period. Two Ministers and
+      two Elders shall be sent from each Particular Synod (from both the
+      German and the Welsh speaking churches). Further, the church charged
+      with appointing the time and place of the General Synod shall convene
+      its Particular Synod if the General Synod is to be called within the
+      three years (and inform the nearest church speaking the other
+      language, which is to send four persons there) to determine jointly
+      the time and place. (When the church which has been appointed to
+      convene the General Synod is consulting with the Classis regarding the
+      time and place, it is to inform the High Authorities in due time, that
+      with their knowledge, if it be their pleasure also to send some to the
+      Classis, the matter be decided in the presence and with the advice of
+      their Deputies.)
+  - name: Article 51
+    text: |
+      (Whereas two languages are spoken in the Netherlands, it is deemed
+      proper that the churches of the German and the Welsh languages each
+      have their own Consistories, Classical Meetings, and Particular
+      Synods.)
+  - name: Article 52
+    text: |
+      (Notwithstanding, it is reso1ved that in the cities where before
+      mentioned Welsh churches are found, some Ministers and Elders from
+      both sides meet every month to maintain proper unit and correspondence
+      with each other and, as much as possible, assist one another with
+      advice as the need arises.)
+      ## Third Head - Of the Doctrine, Sacraments, and Other Ceremonies
+  - name: Article 53
+    text: |
+      The Ministers of the Word of God and likewise the Professors in
+      Theology shall subscribe to the Confession of Faith of the Netherlands
+      Churches (which is proper for the other Professors as well), and the
+      Ministers who refuse to do so shall de facto be suspended from their
+      office by the Consistory or Classis until they shall have declared
+      themselves fully in this matter, and if they obstinately persist in
+      refusing, they shall be deposed from their office.
+  - name: Article 54
+    text: |
+      Likewise the Schoolteachers shall subscribe to the aforesaid Articles
+      or instead thereof to the Christian Catechism.
+  - name: Article 55
+    text: |
+      No one of the Reformed Religion shall presume to have printed or
+      published in any other way any book or writing, treating of Religion,
+      prepared or translated by himself or by someone else, unless it is
+      previously looked over and approved by the Ministers of the Word of
+      his Classis, or by the Particular Synod, or by the Professors of
+      Theology of these provinces, but with the knowledge of his Classis.
+  - name: Article 56
+    text: |
+      The Covenant of God shall be sealed to the children of Christians by
+      Baptism as soon as the administration thereof is feasible, in the
+      public assembly when the Word of God is preached. But in those places
+      where sermons are preached less frequently, a certain day of the week
+      shall be set aside for the administration of Baptism in a special
+      service, not however, without the preaching of a sermon.
+  - name: Article 57
+    text: |
+      The Ministers shall do their best and put forth every effort to have
+      the father present his child for baptism. And in the Congregations
+      where Spons0rs or Witnesses are taken at Baptism beside the father
+      (which custom, not being objectional in itself, is not easily changed)
+      it is proper that such be taken who agree with the pure doctrine and
+      are pious in their conversation.
+  - name: Article 58
+    text: |
+      In baptizing both children and adults, the Ministers shall employ the
+      Forms pertaining to the institution and administration of Baptism
+      which have been drawn up respectively for this purpose.
+  - name: Article 59
+    text: |
+      Adults are incorporated through Baptism into the Christian Church and
+      are received as members of the Church, and are therefore obliged also
+      to partake of the Lord's Supper, which they shall promise to do at
+      their Baptism.
+  - name: Article 60
+    text: |
+      The names of those baptized, together with those of the parents and
+      witnesses, and likewise the date of Baptism, shall be recorded.
+  - name: Article 61
+    text: |
+      None shall be admitted to the Lord's Supper except those who,
+      according to the usage of the Church to which they unite themselves,
+      have made Confession of Religion, besides being reputed to be of a
+      godly conversation, without which also those who come from other
+      Churches shall not be admitted.
+  - name: Article 62
+    text: |
+      Every Church shall administer the Lord's Supper in such a manner as it
+      shall judge most conducive to edification; provided, however, that the
+      outward ceremonies as prescribed in God's Word be not changed and all
+      superstition be avoided, and that at the conclusion of the sermon and
+      the usual prayers on the pulpit, the Form for the administration of
+      the Lord's Supper, together with the prayer for that purpose, shall be
+      read at the Table.
+  - name: Article 63
+    text: |
+      The Lordly Supper shall be administered once every two months,
+      wherever possible, and it will be edifying that it take place at
+      Easter, Pentecost, and Christmas where the circumstances of the Church
+      permit. However, in those places where the Church has not yet been
+      instituted, first of all Elders and Deacons shall be provided.
+  - name: Article 64
+    text: |
+      Whereas the Evening Prayer Meetings are found profitable in many
+      places, every Church shall govern their use in a manner they judge to
+      conduce most to their edification. However, in case they would desire
+      to discontinue them, this is not to be done without the judgment of
+      the Classis (and of the Authorities who favour the Reformed Religion).
+  - name: Article 65
+    text: |
+      If funeral sermons are not in use, they are not to be introduced, and
+      if they already have come to be accepted, diligence shall be exercised
+      to dispose of them by the most suitable means.
+  - name: Article 66
+    text: |
+      In times of war, pestilence, calamities, heavy persecution of the
+      Churches, and other general distresses, the Ministers of the Churches
+      shall request the Government to employ their authority and command
+      that public days of Fasting and Prayer be appointed and set aside.
+  - name: Article 67
+    text: |
+      The Churches shall observe, in addition to Sunday, also Christmas,
+      Easter, and Pentecost, with the following day, and whereas in most of
+      the cities and provinces of the Netherlands the day of Circumcision
+      and of Ascension of Christ are also observed, Ministers in every place
+      where this is not yet done shall take steps with the Government to
+      have them conform with the others.
+  - name: Article 68
+    text: |
+      The Ministers everywhere shall briefly explain on Sunday, ordinarily
+      in the afternoon sermon, the sum of Christian doctrine comprehended in
+      the Catechism which at present is accepted in the Netherland Churches,
+      so that it may be completed every year in accordance with the devision
+      of the Catechism itself made for that purpose.
+  - name: Article 69
+    text: |
+      In the Churches only the 150 Psalms of David, the Ten Commandments,
+      the Lord's Prayer, the Twelve Articles of Faith, the Song of Mary,
+      that of Zacharias, and that of Simon shall be sung. It is left to the
+      individual Churches whether or not to use the hymn "Oh God! who art
+      our Father." All other hymns are to be excluded from the Churches, and
+      in those places where some have already been introduced they are to be
+      removed by the most suitable means.
+  - name: Article 70
+    text: |
+      Whereas up to now various usages in regard to marriages are maintained
+      everywhere, and it nevertheless is proper that uniformity be exercised
+      in this matter, therefore the Churches shall adhere to the method
+      which they, in conformity to the Word of God and previous
+      ecclesiastical regulations have maintained up to now, until the High
+      Authorities (which are to be asked to do so at the earliest
+      opportunity) shall prepare a general Regulation with the advice of the
+      Ministers of the Churches, to which this Church Order refers itself in
+      this matter.
+      ## Fourth Head - Of Censure and Ecclesiastical Admonition
+  - name: Article 71
+    text: |
+      As Christian discipline is of a spiritual nature, and exempts no one
+      from civil trial or punishment by the authorities, so also besides
+      civil punishment there is need of ecclesiastical censure, to reconcile
+      the sinner with the Church and with his neighbour, and to remove the
+      offense out of the Church of Christ.
+  - name: Article 72
+    text: |
+      In case anyone transgresses against the purity of doctrine or
+      godliness of conversation, as long as it is of a private character and
+      has not given public offense, the rule clearly prescribed by Christ in
+      Matthew 18 shall be followed.
+  - name: Article 73
+    text: |
+      Secret sins of which the sinner repent after being admonished by one
+      person in private or in the presence of two or three witnesses, shall
+      not be laid before the Consistory.
+  - name: Article 74
+    text: |
+      If anyone, having been admonished in love concerning a secret sin by
+      two or three persons, does not give heed, or otherwise has committed a
+      public sin, the matter shall be reported to the Consistory.
+  - name: Article 75
+    text: |
+      The reconciliation of all such sins as are of their nature of a public
+      character, or have become public because the admonition of the Church
+      was despised, shall take place, when definite signs of repentance are
+      evident, publicly, by the judgment of the Consistory; and in rural
+      districts or smaller towns having only one Minister, with the advice
+      of two neighbouring Churches, in such a form and manner as shall be
+      judged to be conducive to the edification of each Church.
+  - name: Article 76
+    text: |
+      Such as obstinately reject the admonition of the Consistory, and
+      likewise those who have committed a public or otherwise gross sin,
+      shall be suspended from the Lord's Supper. And if he, having been
+      suspended after repeated admonitions, shows no signs of repentance,
+      the Consistory shall at last proceed to the extreme remedy, namely,
+      excommunication, agreeably to the Form adopted for that purpose
+      according to the Word of God. But no one shall be excommunicated
+      except with previous advice of Classis.
+  - name: Article 77
+    text: |
+      Before proceeding to excommunication, the obstinacy of the sinner
+      shall be publicly made known to the Congregation, explaining the
+      offense, together with the diligence bestowed upon him in reproof,
+      suspension from the Lord's Supper, and manifold admonitions; and the
+      Congregation shall be exhorted to speak to him and to pray for him.
+      There shall be three such admonitions. In the first the name of the
+      sinner shall not be mentioned, that he be somewhat spared. In the
+      second, with the advice of the Classis, his name shall be mentioned.
+      In the third the Congregation shall be informed that, unless he
+      repent, he will be excluded from the fellowship of the Church, so that
+      his excommunication, in case he remains obstinate, may take place with
+      the tacit approbation of the Church. The interval between the
+      admonition shall be left to the discretion of the Consistory.
+  - name: Article 78
+    text: |
+      Whenever anyone who has been excommunicated desire to become
+      reconciled to the Church in the way of penitence, it shall be
+      announced to the Congregation, either before the administration of the
+      Lord's Supper or at some opportune time, in order that, in so far as
+      no one can mention anything against him to the contrary, at the next
+      Lord's Supper he may, with profession of his repentance be publicly
+      reinstated according to the Form for that purpose.
+  - name: Article 79
+    text: |
+      When Ministers of the Divine Word, Elders, or Deacons have committed
+      any public, gross sin, which is a disgrace to the Church, or worthy of
+      punishment by the Authorities, the Elders and Deacons shall
+      immediately, by preceding sentence of the Consistory of that Church
+      and the nearest adjoining Church, be deposed from their office, but
+      the Ministers shall be suspended. But whether or not they are to be
+      entirely deposed from their office shall be subject to the judgment of
+      the Classis.
+  - name: Article 80
+    text: |
+      Furthermore, among the gross sins which are worthy of being punished
+      with suspension or deposition from office, these are the principal
+      ones: false doctrine or heresy, public schism, public blasphemy,
+      simony, faithless desertion of office or intrusion upon that of
+      another, perjury, adultery, fornication, theft, acts of violence,
+      habitual drunkenness, brawling, filthy lucre; in short, all sins and
+      gross offenses as render the perpetrators infamous before the world,
+      and which in any private member of the Church would cause him to be
+      considered worthy of excommunication.
+  - name: Article 81
+    text: |
+      The Ministers of the Word, Elders, and Deacons shall exercise
+      Christian censure among themselves, and in a friendly spirit admonish
+      one another with regard to the discharge of their office.
+  - name: Article 82
+    text: |
+      To those who remove from the Congregation, a Certificate of Dismission
+      or testimony regarding their conversation shall be given them at the
+      discretion of the Consistory, under the seal of the Church, or where
+      there is no seal, signed by two.
+  - name: Article 83
+    text: |
+      Furthermore, the poor shall, when removing for sufficient reasons,
+      receive assistance from the Deacons at their discretion provided it be
+      noted on the reverse side of their Certificate of Dismission to places
+      to which they wish to go, and the assistance they have received.
+  - name: Article 84
+    text: |
+      No church shall in any way lord it over other Churches, no Minister
+      over other Ministers, no Elder or Deacon over other Elders or Deacons.
+  - name: Article 85
+    text: |
+      Foreign Churches whose usages regarding nonessentials differ from ours
+      shall not be rejected.
+  - name: Article 86
+    text: |
+      These Articles, relating to the lawful Order of the Churches, have
+      been so drafted and adopted by common convent, that they, if the
+      profit of the Churches demand otherwise, may and ought to be altered,
+      augmented, or diminished. However, no particular Congregation,
+      Classis, or Synod shall be at liberty to do so, but they shall show
+      all diligence in observing them, until it be otherwise ordained by the
+      General, or National Synod.
+  - name: Formula of Subscription
+    text: |
+      WE, the undersigned, Professors of The . . . Reformed Church,
+      Ministers of the Gospel, Elders and Deacons of The . . . Reformed
+      congregation of . . . of the Classis of . . . do hereby sincerely and
+      in good conscience before the Lord, declare by this, our subscription,
+      that we heartily believe and are persuaded that all the articles and
+      points of doctrine, contained in the Confession and Catechism of the
+      Reformed Churches, together with the explanation of some points of the
+      aforesaid doctrine, made by the National Synod of Dordrecht, 1618-'19,
+      do fully agree with the Word of God.
+      We promise therefore diligently to teach and faithfully to defend the
+      aforesaid doctrine, without either directly or indirectly
+      contradicting the same, by our public preaching or writing.
+      We declare, moreover, that we not only reject all errors that
+      militate against this doctrine and particularly those which were
+      condemned by the above mentioned Synod, but that we are disposed to
+      refute and contradict these, and to exert ourselves in keeping the
+      Church free from such errors. And if hereafter any difficulties or
+      different sentiments respecting the aforesaid doctrines should arise
+      in our minds, we promise that we will neither publicly nor privately
+      propose, teach, or defend the same, either by preaching or writing,
+      until we have first revealed such sentiments to the consistory,
+      Classis and Synod, that the same may be there examined, being ready
+      always cheerfully to submit to the judgment of the consistory, Classis
+      and Synod, under the penalty in case of refusal to be, by that very
+      fact, suspended from our office.
+      And further, if at any time the consistory, Classis or Synod, upon
+      sufficient grounds of suspicion and to preserve the uniformity and
+      purity of doctrine, may deem it proper to requite of us a further
+      explanation of our sentiments respecting any particular article of the
+      Confession of Faith, the Catechism, or the explanation of the National
+      Synod, we do hereby promise to be always willing and ready to comply
+      with such requisition, under the penalty above mentioned, reserving
+      for ourselves, however, the right of an appeal, whenever we shall
+      believe ourselves aggrieved by the sentence of the consistory, the
+      Classis or the Synod, and until a decision is made upon such an
+      appeal, we will acquiesce in the determination and judgment already
+      passed.